Rigth click to download:
The development of
the Blue Streak missile began as an attempt to develop a British nuclear
missile. In 1957 De Havilland began the design of the rocket, licensing
the tank construction from Convair Atlas rocket. Rolls Royce started to
develop an engine based on the North American S3 motor for the Thor
rocket. But in the end Rolls Royce redesigned the engine to save weight.
The Blue Streak did
not use storable fuels, and that meant, that a refuelling would take about
five minutes. By striking first, the USSR might be able to eliminate the
Blue Streak launch sites. That was one of the reasons that Blue Streak
newer went into active service as a missile. In January 1960 when the
first Blue Streak was shipped to Woomera in Australia for test firing, the
missile programme was cancelled.
In 1961 the took
initiative to develop Blue Streak in to an joint European launcher, and in
1962 ELDO (a predecessor for ESA) was formed. Blue Streak was tested as
the first stage of the Europa launcher. The first Blue Streak was
testfired June 5, 1964.
Books and articles:
Brian Harvey: Europe's Space Programme: To Ariane and Beyond
TESTING BLUE STREAK AT WOOMERA: by Peter Morton Flinders University of South Australia 1988
Video of a Blue Streak launch:
www.spaceuk.org/videos/vid.htm (In the middle of the page.)